Medical News Archives: Food

HAPIfork Smart Utensils

HAPIfork Smart Utensils

In the battle to fight the bulge and stave off those pounds HAPILABS has developed a set of smart utensils designed to help control how much you eat.

The new HAPIfork measure three factors: how long you eat for, how long between each mouthful and how many you take. There’s also a spoon attachment that fits into the same base.

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Fruits and Veggies for Mental Health

Fruits and Veggies for Mental Health

It’s almost become common knowledge that 5 servings of fruit or vegetable each day are required to maintain a healthy diet, however a new study suggests that eating 7 servings can help improve mental health and make people happier.
這幾乎成為眾矢之的,5份水果或蔬菜的每一天都需要保持一個健康的飲食習慣,但是一項新的研究表明,吃7份可以幫助提高心理健康水平,使人們變得更加快樂。

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Foods That Relieve Arthritis Pain

Foods That Relieve Arthritis Pain

Arthritis is condition that affects more than 70 million Americans. According to the Centers for Disease Control, three out of five people over the age of 65 develop some form of arthritis.
關節炎是條件,影響超過70萬美國人。據疾病控制中心,65歲的五分之三以上的人建立某種形式的關節炎。

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Eat Sugar To Sooth Spicy Peppers

Eat Sugar To Sooth Spicy Peppers

Most people know that drinking milk can help sooth the burn from eating spicy peppers. But if you don’t have any milk in the fridge, or you sitting at a restaurant table and can’t wait for service, reach for the sugar and start suckling.
Most people know that drinking milk can help sooth the burn from eating spicy peppers. But if you don’t have any milk in the fridge, or you sitting at a restaurant table and can’t wait for service, reach for the sugar and start suckling.

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Pizza Healthy Enough To Eat 3 Times a Day

Pizza Healthy Enough To Eat 3 Times a Day

Whoever said that pizza was unhealthy? Well traditionally that may be so, but now scientists have devised a pizza that is not only healthy, but also nutritious enough to eat three times a day.

Created by Professor Mike Lean, of Glasgow University, and business Donnie Maclean, the pizza contains 30 percent of an adult’s recommended daily intake of vitamins, minerals, calories, protein and carbohydrates.
谁说比萨饼是不健康的?那么传统的,可能是这样,但现在科学家们已经设计了一个比萨饼,不仅是健康的,但也足够有营养吃一天三次。创建者迈克·里恩教授,格拉斯哥大学和商务唐尼_麦克莱恩,比萨饼包含成人的建议每日摄入的维生素,矿物质,热量,蛋白质和碳水化合物的30%。

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Healthiest Meal On The Planet

Healthiest Meal On The Planet

With all the ingredients in the world, deciphering the world’s healthiest meal could be seen as an impossible task. But that’s exactly what the Leatherhead Food Research Group has accomplished.

After sifting through thousands of nutritional studies, and picking the most 222 most significantly convincing, they managed to build a three-course meal of delicious super-foods, which they claim to be the healthiest on the planet.
With all the ingredients in the world, deciphering the world’s healthiest meal could be seen as an impossible task. But that’s exactly what the Leatherhead Food Research Group has accomplished.

After sifting through thousands of nutritional studies, and picking the most 222 most significantly convincing, they managed to build a three-course meal of delicious super-foods, which they claim to be the healthiest on the planet.

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Foods That Help Digestion

Foods That Help Digestion

Digestive problems plague millions of Americans each year. The most common conditions include heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), and Irritable bowel Syndrome (IBS) and the symptoms of these problems typically include bloating, diarrhea, gas, stomach pain, and stomach cramps.

Pregnancy and diet can also bring on bouts of indigestion, but thankfully the latter, can be tailored to help reduce the uncomfortable symptoms that result from digestive problems.
消化問題困擾著數以百萬計的美國人每年。最常見的情況包括燒心,胃食管反流病(GERD),炎症性腸病(IBD),腸易激綜合症(IBS),這些問題通常症狀包括腹脹,腹瀉,氣,胃痛,胃痙攣。 BR> – 懷孕和飲食習慣也可以使消化不良的較量,但幸運的是後者,可以定制,以幫助減少不舒服的症狀,結果從消化問題。

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Why is preserved food so bad?

Why is preserved food so bad?

We all known preserved foods are bad for us, but what exactly makes them so unhealthy?

Simply because the process employed to increase the shelf life of food involves zapping any nutrients and microbes that might cause it to spoil, then packing it with additives to make it taste nice.

To do this the industry uses a technique called confined high heat cooking – a machine that blasts food at 252 degrees Fahrenheit. The resulting taste of the scorched food is often referred to as “retort flavor”.

why is preserved food bad

Why Preserved Food Is So Unhealthy


Image Credit: Jon Sullivan, 2001.

Barb Stuckey, a researcher working on preserved potatoes at Mattson commercial food lab in Foster City, California, explained:

The potatoes look right, once we’ve fluffed them up a bit, but the wholesome earthy taste and smell of fresh potatoes is almost gone from the dish. In its place there’s a tired, wet-paper flavor with notes of old steam pipe. This side effect of confined high-heat cooking is known in the trade as “retort flavor.”

Stuckey’s theory is that it’s just underlying parts of the flavor coming through. Before food is retorted, she says, the dank base notes present in it are masked in part “by the beautiful aromatic volatile notes that we take for granted. When the retort destroys these low-molecular-weight flavors, what’s left is the ugly insides.” [Popular Science]

But how do they make this left over produce taste good? Lots of salt, fat and a few secret ingredients.

Some of the ingredients used to make instant potatoes taste better included a masking agent called Wixon, a white powder that tastes like sweetener and takes of the edge of the retort flavor.

Another is a dairy flavoring created by Edlong. This is a buttery paste that can withstand the heat of retorting and is said to have a pungent, sweaty-socks odor but has a buttery taste in the finished potatoes. Sodium bisulfite, a chemical food additive with E numbers, is also used to give the potatoes an attractive shade of white. And these are just additives used for potatoes, think how many others are being used in other types of processed foods.


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Researcher Fabricated Data On Red Wine Research

Researcher Fabricated Data On Red Wine Research

A University of Connecticut researcher has been accused of committing more than 100 acts of data fabrication.

The researcher, Dipak K. Das, who directed the university’s Cardiovascular Research Center, studied resveratrol – a substance found in red wine, which is believed by some to have anti-aging properties.

The university said the investigation, which began following an anonymous tip off in 2008, has thrown much of his work into doubt.

Among his findings, was that “the pulp of grapes is as heart-healthy as the skin, even though the antioxidant properties differ.”

scientist fabricated data on red wine health benefits

Researcher Fabricated Data On Red Wine Health Benefits

Image Credit: Quinn Dombrowski, 2009.

Philip Austin, the university’s interim vice president for health affairs, said in a statement:

“We have a responsibility to correct the scientific record and inform peer researchers across the country,”

The university worried that other members of Das’ laboratory may have been involved, and they too are being investigated.

Das could not be reached for comment, but a letter he wrote in 2010 to university officials claiming the investigation was a “conspiracy against him. In a second letter he explained how the accusation had taken a heavy toll on his health:

“As you know, because of the development of a tremendous amount of stress in my work environment in recent months, I became a victim of stroke for which I am undergoing treatment,”

Nevertheless the university has declined to accept $890,000 in federal grants originally awarded to Das, and has since dismissed him from work. The university has also alerted 11 journals who regularly published Das’ work.

The university has been working to resolve the matter with the Office of Research Integrity; a part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health that investigates alleged misconduct by federal grant recipients.

Works in need of rectification include several papers featured in the journals Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, where Das was one of the editors in chief, and the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. Das’ work is also cited more than 100 times by other researchers.

Las Vegas resveratrol maker, Longevinex, has also promoted Das’ research, and he appears in a lengthy video touting the nutrient as the next aspirin. And in 2002, Das shared a patent on the use of another compound found in grape skins called proanthocyanidin. Proanthocyanidin is thought to help prevent and treat heart conditions.

Although Das’ work may have been falsified, some researchers like, Dr. Nir Barzilai, of Albert Einstein College of Medicine, said that the impact of the fraud on the field will be minimal. Barzilai said:

“There are many investigators who are working on resveratrol…

“That doesn’t mean we know the whole truth. But Rome wasn’t built on Dr. Das.”


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You Smell Like What You Eat

You Smell Like What You Eat

There are many reason why our bodies developed bad odors, the most common cause being the presence of bacteria on our skin metabolizing sugars and proteins in our sweat. For this reason, we can literally smell like the foods we eat.

Some foods, such as garlic and onion, contain pungent volatile sulfurous substances that linger in the body hours after we’ve eaten them.

These compounds are absorbed into our blood and lungs, giving us not only bad body odor but also bad breathe.

you smell like the food you eat

We Smell Like The Food We Eat

Image Credit: Horia Varlan, 2008.

Mint and turmeric, blue cheese and fermented foods, cabbage and cruciferous vegetables, and vinegar all contain these volatile compounds.

A study published in the journal Chemical Senses found that red meat also contributes to bad body odor. The results of the study found those on a vegetarian diet were generally perceived to have a more pleasant and less intense body odor than subjects who ate meat.

It’s also said that eating spicy foods can contribute to body odor, however this is not because of the spices themselves but due to the fact that eating spicy foods increases the amount of sweat we produce, and the more sweat on our skin, the more odor is emitted as the bacteria breaks down the proteins and sugars.

With that in mind, it is possible to eat food that can help reduce body odor and help leave a pleasant scent on the skin.

  • First off it’s always best to eat fresh produce. Eating unprocessed foods can help decrease natural body odor and alter the scent of the skin.
  • Drink pure citrus fruit juices. Citrus has the ability to penetrate the body more quickly, and can leave your skin smelling slightly lemony.
  • Season food with cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg or cardamom. These spices linger in the body but produce natural perfume scents as opposed to body odor.

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Eating Fast Food Linked To Depression

Eating Fast Food Linked To Depression

Many of us notice how eating fast food is generally followed by a short-lived energetic high, and a sluggish ‘come-down’ period. But according to a new study headed by scientists from the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and the University of Granada, the negative effects of fast food do not stop there.

Like previous studies, they found that eating commercial baked goods such as fairy cakes, croissants, doughnuts, etc., and fast food such as hamburgers, hotdogs and pizza is directly linked to depression.

After analyzing almost 9,000 participants, the team found that those who regularly eat fast food were 51 percent more likely to develop depression. The results also suggest that the more fast food one consumed, the more likely they were to develop depression.

fast food linked to depression

Eating Fast Food Linked To Depression

Image Credit: Christian Cable, 2006.

Unsurprisingly, the results showed that those who ate the most fast food were most likely to be single, sedentary, and have other bad dietary habits. The Study was published in the journal Public Health Nutrition.

In a similar study, conducted by the SUN Project of the University of Navarra Diet and Lifestyle Tracking Program and published in the PLoS One Journal, 657 of 12,000 participants analyzed over 6 months developed depression. A figure that showed those who ate more fast food had a 42 percent higher risk of developing depression.

8,964 participants who had never been diagnosed with depression were analyzed over a 6-month period. During that time 493 of the volunteers who tended to eat more fast food, developed depression and had to be prescribed antidepressants.

Although studies have continually shown that fast food and bad dietary habits can lead to depression, experts are still unsure exactly how these factors are linked. Nevertheless, other studies have shown that consuming B vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids can have a preventative effective when it comes to depression.


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Which Alcoholic Drink is the Healthiest

Which Alcoholic Drink is the Healthiest

Generally speaking alcohol and diets don’t mix. That said, it is possible to drink occasionally whilst losing weight, but it pays to know which drinks are the healthiest, that is, which contains the least amount of calories.

It’s important to remember that calories are not the only thing to affect ones diet. Beer is chock-full of carbs, whereas wine and liquor are typically low in carbs. However in this article we’re only focusing on counting calories.

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Chocolate May Be Good For Dieters

Chocolate May Be Good For Dieters

New research has shown that people who eat chocolate regularly tend to be thinner. The findings come from a study of nearly 1,000 US people that analyzed diet, calorie intake and body mass index (BMI).

The results showed that those who ate chocolate a few times a week were, on average, slimmer than those who rarely ate it. And despite being high in calories, regular chocolate eaters consumption was linked to a lower BMI.

Even though chocolate is loaded with calories, scientists believe it contains ingredients that may aid weight loss.

chocolate good dieters

Chocolate May Be Good For Diets

Image Credit: André Karwath, 02/13/2012.

The researchers noted that the determining factoring was how often chocolate was consumed, and not how much as the study found no link with portion sizes.

Although the study was small, the team says there is only a one chance in a hundred that findings are a coincidence. But skeptics still note that the findings are simply correlative and do not prove that one causes the other.

But its not the only time scientist have suggested that chocolate has health benefits. Lead author Dr Beatrice Golomb, from the University of California at San Diego, said:

“Our findings appear to add to a body of information suggesting that the composition of calories, not just the number of them, matters for determining their ultimate impact on weight.”

Other studies have claimed chocolate is good for the heart, mainly due to high levels of antioxidants found in dark chocolate. Dr Golomb and her team believe that these antioxidant compounds, called catechins, can also improve lean muscle mass and help reduce weight. Similar studies in rodents would also suggest such a link.

A study at Wayne State University, found that Mice fed for 15 days with epicatechin had increased exercise performance and improved changes to their muscle composition.

Nevertheless, experts say the findings should not encourage dieters to start consuming more chocolate since its high in fat and sugar.

The study was published in the Archives of Internal Medicine.


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Popcorn – A Healthy Snack

Popcorn – A Healthy Snack

Researchers have found that popcorn, already known as a great source of fiber, also contains higher levels of antioxidants than some fruits and vegetables, which could make it the new super food for snaking.

Antioxidants are vital compounds, often found in plants, which help repair the damage done by molecules known as free radicals. Consumption of super food containing high levels of antioxidants have been linked to a reduced risk of cancer.

popcorn packed with antioxidants

Popcorn Packed With Antioxidants

Image Credit: Cyclonebill, 2008.

Vinson, together with colleague Michael Coco, Jr., a chemistry student at the university, analyzed four commercial brands of popcorn, including two air-popped and two microwave varieties. They looked for one particular type of antioxidant known as polyphenols. They found that one serving of popcorn contained between 242-363 milligrams, compared to an average serving of fruit which contains just 160mg.

Joe Vinson, PhD, professor of chemistry at the University of Scranton put it simply:

“Based on fiber, whole grains, and antioxidant levels, popcorn is the king of snack foods,”

However the pair did note that it’s not exactly known how much of the nutrients in popcorn are absorbed by the body. Popcorn’s polyphenols are not as diluted with water as those are in fruit, Vinson explained “popcorn starts out about 15% water and ends up a couple percent.”

This could affect how the nutrients are absorbed into the blood, which is the focus of the nest stage in the study.

Experts say this doesn’t mean you should skip on fruit and veg, but it is great news for popcorn lovers.

The study, which was partially funded by Weaver Popcorn Company, was presented at the American Chemical Society’s annual meeting, San Diego.


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Eating Red Meat Makes You Happy

Eating Red Meat Makes You Happy

A new Australian study suggests that eating red meat could lower the risk of depression by up to 50 percent.

The study conducted by researchers at the Deakin University in Victoria, Australia, was originally carried out because the team thought eating red meat may actually increase the risk of depression, however the results proved quite the opposite.

Professor Felice Jacka, who led the research by Deakin University, Victoria, said:

“When we looked at women consuming less than the recommended amount of red meat in our study, we found that they were twice as likely to have a diagnosed depressive or anxiety disorder as those consuming the recommended amount.” [Telegraph UK]

Even when the researchers included other health factors “such as their socioeconomic status, physical activity levels, smoking, weight and age” the relationship between eating red meat and depression remained.

red meat reduces risk of depression

Red Meat Makes You Happy

They also looked at other forms of protein including chicken, pork, fish, and plant-based proteins, which interestingly enough, did not result in the same positive effects.

Unfortunately the study, which involved just 100 Australian women, was too small to be conclusive, however experts say that the findings are extremely relevant since Australian cattle are typically grass feed, whereas in other countries they are often fed grain or special cattle feed. This results in Australian red meat (beef and lamb) having higher levels of vital nutrients like as Omega-3 fatty acids.

Nevertheless, the findings should not encourage people to start eating red meat in every sitting. Other studies have shown that eating excess amount of red meat – more than 65 -100g three to four times per week – can increase the risk of depression and anxiety, there is also lots of research linking the over consumption of red meat with bowl cancer.

So while it may not be healthy for every meal, the next time you’re looking for comfort food, a big juice steak might be just what the doctor ordered.


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Dessert For Breakfast Can Help Dieters

Dessert For Breakfast Can Help Dieters

As crazy as it sounds, a new study has found that dieters who consume a high-calorie dessert-based breakfast performed better in their weight-loss programs over a long period of time compared with those who don’t eat sweet food early in the morning.

In the study, which involved 144 obese people between the ages of 20 – 65, researchers gave the participants low-carbohydrate diets each providing 1,400 daily calories for women and 1,600 for men. Both diets were exact the same, except one group was given a choice of high calorie foods breakfast including cookies, chocolate, ice cream or cake.

dessert for breakfast can help dieters

A Sweet Breakfast Can Help Dieters With Weight Loss

Image Credit: Jessica Tam, 2010.

As well as the amount of weight lost, the researchers also measure levels of insulin, glucose, lipid – cells that store energy, and ghrelin – a hormone that stimulates appetite.

During the initial 16 weeks, the weight loss for each group was similar, an average of 32lbs, but in the following 16 weeks, the high calorie breakfast group were able to lose a further 13lbs on average, whereas the other actually gained an average weight of 3.5lbs.

Researchers found that those eating the desert-based breakfast had safe blood sugar levels, lower levels of ghrelin and an overall high level of fullness.

Lead author, Dr. Daniela Jakubowicz of Tel Aviv University, said:

“Most people simply regain weight, no matter what diet they are on. But if you eat what you like, you decrease cravings. The cake — a small piece — is important.”

While the study is too small to be conclusive, it does illustrate that diligent dieting is not always affected by the odd bite of something sweet, in fact it goes to show that allowing one to self to indulge may actually help maintain your calorie controlled diet.

The study was published in the March 10th issue of the journal Steroids.


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Plasma Torch Removes Harmful Bacteria From Food

Plasma Torch Removes Harmful Bacteria From Food

A new study has shown that plasma torches could eliminate all harmful bacteria from food, without cooking it.

Conducted by researchers at Drexel University, the new study found that normal levels of bacteria like salmonella and campylobacter could be almost completely eliminated from raw foods when exposed to the plasma – a “fourth state of matter” after solids, liquids and gases, consisting of high-energy gaseous atoms, ions and electrons.

The torch, could apply the plasma to all types of food including, chicken and vegetables and fruits, and its cool temperature means it does so, without cooking the produce.

plasma torch removes harmful bacteria from food

Plasma Torch Removes Bacteria From Food

Since the torch doesn’t actually touch come into contact with food, there’s no risk of contamination during the plasma cleaning process. The researchers hope that the technology could be used to remove all bacteria from during packaging process, or to cleaning surfaces and utensils when preparing food.

Unfortunately, the technology is still too expensive to be a cost-effective way of cleaning food. However, the A.J. Drexel Plasma Institute recently received a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation to expand its plasma research, and considering the fast pace of tech-advancements, it might not be too long before the same effect can be achieved at a much lower expense.

The proof-of-concept study was published in the January issue of the Journal of Food Protection.


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Eggs For Breakfast Helps Weight-Loss

Eggs For Breakfast Helps Weight-Loss

New research has shown that eating one egg for breakfast everyday can go a long way in helping dieters stave off unwanted calories.

The first of its kind study, conducted at a Surrey University in England suggests that eating eggs for breakfast helps reduce calorie intake at lunch and dinner. Researchers say this because eggs keep us fuller for longer compared with other breakfast foods. Eggs also help reduce the urge to snack on biscuits, cake or chocolate during the day.

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AeroShot Caffeine Inhaler

AeroShot Caffeine Inhaler

New studies that show the health benefits of caffeine keep popping up, but whilst some researchers are working to change the bad reputation it has gained over the ages, no-one really seems to be changing the way we consume this lightly stimulating drug, all except the makers of AeroShot – the caffeine dispensing inhaler.

Each cartridge – which contains a small amount of vitamin B and 100 milligrams of caffeine – provides the same amount of caffeine as a large cup of coffee, without staining the teeth or causing bad breath.

aeroshot caffeine inhaler

AeroShot Caffeine Inhaler

And unlike caffeine energy drinks, AeroShot cartridges do not contain any sugar or calories, and it has no discernible flavor, according to the company.

The AeroShot was developed by Harvard professor David Edwards and Tom Hadfield, who founded a company called Breathable Foods specifically to market the device.

Aeroshot will go on sale in New York and Boston in the next couple of months.


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